Kaladera is a Village in Govindgarh Tehsil in Jaipur District of Rajasthan State, India. It is located 41 Km towards North from Jaipur.
The average yearly rainfall in the area is about 670 mm and 56 days, according to data collected the past ten years of this village. The monsoon, lasting from July till September, is responsible for over 90% of the total rainfall. Between 1981 and 2006, there were eight years with intense draughts and a falling monsoon. Also, the population, farmers and industries have been putting more pressure on the ground aquifer, as a consequence- surface and groundwater sources have become scarcer. It is likely that climate change will weaken future monsoon strength, enhance potential evaporation and results in more frequent droughts.
Rainwater harvesting does not only improve the water usage practices, rather it is also helpful in the groundwater recharge, considering the depletion of groundwater resources due to excess extraction and pollution from water dumping sites and agricultural lands, replenishment of water resources is also necessary.
Meeta Mastani, artist and practitioner co-founder of social enterprise Bindaas Unlimited was an instrumental partner for her long association with Kaladera’s artisan community through her work.
"It is about 160 years since the first chemical dyes and much has changed since then in the world of block printing. The change in ecology and techniques has made a huge difference to the way printing is now done. Most printing centres were situated near a water source since washing has always been an integral part of the process.
The village is home to approximately 80-100 artisan families of the Chhipa Samaaj (community), of these families only 40 individuals earn their livelihood from printing these days. It is hard physical work and not many of the younger printers are taking their traditional skills forward.
The Chhipa Samaaj owns land which printers can rent out at a subsidized rate for washing and drying their work on an annual basis. The area specializes in mud resist printing which uses a lot of water- The water table has gone down from 50 feet to about 250 feet since 1993 when I started working here”
Tejaram Ji, krish Kumar, Meeta Mastani, Kalawati, Damodar Nama
The project was led by Tejaram Ji, community development worker, the director of Manthan Sanstha, Kotri a grassroots nonprofit organization working with marginalized and vulnerable communities in 120 villages of Ajmer, Jaipur and Nagaur districts, Rajasthan, India on diverse local issues related to Sustainable Development
Stage 1 – Budget / INR 362,000 ($5000)
Aims to filter, recycle and recharge the wastewater currently generated during natural printing on two different locations:
- 1 unit - Chhipa Samaj community land
- 1 unit - Chaumbudi’s family land
It is estimated that 1 unit use 10,000 - 15,000 L of water per day.
Assuming 2 units run for 300 days in the year = We can now safely assume that = an average of 25,000 L x 300 days = 7,500,000 million
- Save approximately 7.5 million L a year.
Stage 2 – Budget / INR 260,000 ($3600)
Aims to connect surrounding rooftops in order to harvest rainwater, including the tin shed, to a sedimentation tank and a well in both locations- Chhipa Samaj land & Chaumbudi land.
Is estimated that adding rooftops connections will have the potential to save:
- 800,000 L x year to the ground, otherwise lost in runoff along the surface.
The calculation is based on an average annual rainfall 520 mm and a total catchment area (roof area) is 20,000 sq ft
Lab testing water as ongoing basis to reassess water quality and adjust filtering systems
Ongoing water sample lab testing includes:
- Water as it leaves the unit
- Water after it has passed the sedimentation and filtration stages
- Water from the well
Catching rainwater, filtering, recycling and recharging wastewater will help:
- Reduced public health issues related to contaminated muck
- Mitigates floods and droughts
- Augment water table for all uses
- Provide enough water for irrigation, foraging dye plants and farming
- Less water loss to evaporation
- Reduced energy use and green gas emissions from pumping groundwater
- Provide an economic and sustainable solution to meet industrial and domestic demands
- Overtime, improves quality of existing groundwater
- Rejuvenating groundwater ecosystems promotes biodiversity
Stage 1- Budget / INR 32,45408 ($45,000)
Phase 2 is looking to address equitable long-term solutions for a particularly vulnerable community of 400 people living in a hamlet on the outskirts, where the water crisis they face is much harsher.
Of these families, there are a minimum of 50 households comprising elderly people, people with disabilities or women headed families. During the summer months, when tankers come in to their village once a week to provide water for the families, their homes do not have tanks to enable them to store the water. We would like to ensure they each have individual water storage tanks of 10,000 litre capacity and have these tanks connected to their rooftops so they optimize rainwater storage during the monsoon.
- 1 Household 10,000 L capacity tank & roof connection– INR 40,000 ($600)
KALADERA PHASE 1 - STAGE I - PROGRESS
On 14th February 2021, a meeting at Raghunath Mandir, Chhipa Mohalla, Kaladera, was held with the community involved in block printing and coloring. Firstly, a visit was undertaken by Manthan Sansthan team to understand the situation and explore available options, since Kaladera does not have lakes, ponds, check dams or even offer the land for creating these, that option will need to be set aside.
A committee of 12 people was constituted for monitoring, quality assurance, account keeping, reporting and photography including: Suresh Kumar Chhipa, Krishna Kumar Chhipa, ,Phoolchand Sharma, Mohan Lal Chippa, Sharad Sharma, Pappu Lal, Badrinarayan Kumawat (Kaladera), Goverdhan lal, Ummed Singh (Manthan Kotri)
Suresh Kumar, Krishna Kumar, Kalawati Devi, Sntosh Dev, Rajesh Nagar, ShriKishan, Phoolchand Sharma, Mohan Lal Chhipa, Sharad Sharma, Mohan Lal, Goverdhan Lala and Ummed Singh and Meeta Mastani
Maping, Planning & Progress
It was decided after discussion with the everyone that waste water generated as a result of printing/coloring can be recycled and reused through a recharge well. Additionally, the water flow from the roof can also be channeled through pipes in the same recharge well for reuse.
For this water conservation system, a small well has been constructed with sedimentation tank and drains for outflow of water. There was unanimous agreement for the proposed systems everyone requested to get this done at the earliest.
Channel all the waste water from the printing to a soak pit after putting it through a few stages of filtration, two smaller tanks in sequence where water will flow from one to the next having a little time to settle.
The soak pit created is circular and of a depth of 10 feet (2 ft above the ground). The diameter will be 8 ft.
This pit will also be used to collect the rainwater from the neighboring roofs. The roofs would need to be cleaned up, repaired if required and fitted with sieves and pipes, directing rainwater to the pit.
The recharge is being constructed by Phoolchand ji, and drains and sedimentation tank by Badrinarayan.
Printer Community in Kaladera
Rameshwar Lal Chhipa