The Kaladera Project is a participatory community initiative that implements water harvesting and recycling systems in the Village of Kaladera.
Kaladera is a Village in Govindgarh Tehsil in Jaipur District of Rajasthan State, India. It is located 41 Km towards North from Jaipur.
The average yearly rainfall in the area is about 520 mm, according to data collected the past ten years of this village. The monsoon, lasting from July till September, is responsible for over 90% of the total rainfall. Between 1981 and 2006, there were eight years with intense draughts and continuous falling monsoon. Also, the population, farmers and industries have been putting more pressure on the ground aquifer, as a consequence- surface and groundwater sources have become scarcer. It is likely that climate change will weaken future monsoon strength, enhance potential evaporation and results in more frequent droughts.
Meeta Mastani, BBCP Board of director and practitioner co-founder of Bindaas, she is an instrumental partner for her long association with Kaladera’s artisan community through her work.
"It is about 160 years since the first chemical dyes and much has changed since then in the world of block printing. The change in ecology and techniques has made a huge difference to the way printing is now done. Most printing centres were situated near a water source since washing has always been an integral part of the process.
The village is home to approximately 80-100 artisan families of the Chhipa Samaaj (community), of these families only 40 individuals earn their livelihood from printing these days. It is hard physical work and not many of the younger printers are taking their traditional skills forward.
The Chhipa Samaaj owns land which printers can rent out at a subsidized rate for washing and drying their work on an annual basis. The area specializes in mud resist printing which uses a lot of water- The water table has gone down from 50 feet to about 250 feet since 1993 when I started working here”
Tejaram Mali, krish Kumar, Meeta Mastani, Kalawati Devi, Damodar Nama
Guided by Tejaram Ji, community development worker and educator. Coordinator of Manthan Sanstha, since 1998. Tejaram started as a night school teacher at Barefoot College, Tilonia while pursuing graduation and, on the accounts and education department in the SWRC, Nallu. Later, Education Co-ordinator and Development Coordinator at SWRC Management Group.
Manthan is a 22 year old organization and community-based group based in in the village of Kotri in the neighboring Ajmer district, Rajasthan, India working on diverse local issues related to Sustainable Development such as water conservation, health access, education facilities, energy and provision of basic amenities serving marginalized and excluded communities in 120 villages. Most of the villages are on the banks of the Sambhar Salt Lake, these areas face severe environmental challenges along with other social, economic and political issues.
What we have done:
Phase I / Stage 1 – Budget / INR 221,000 ($3000)
Created a recharge well to receive all the filtered wastewater from the wash tanks currently generated during natural printing back into the ground, in two different locations in Kaladera.
Given that 1 wash tank uses 10,000-15,000L of water x day, both units are now saving a total of 7.3M L of water x year.
Scheduled to start October 2021:
Time Taken: 6 Months
Phase I- Stage 2 – Budget / INR 670,000 ($9100)
Funded: $4500 Goal: $4600
Connecting surrounding rooftops in order to harvest rainwater, including the tin shed, to a sedimentation tank and a well in both locations- Chhipa Samaj land & Chaunbudi land.
It is estimated that adding rooftops connections will have the potential to direct 800,000 L x year to the ground, otherwise lost in runoff along the surface.
The rooftops will be connected to a 30,000 litre cement storage tank, the overflow from this will be directed to the same recharge well that receives the recycled water from the washing and printing.
The calculation is based on an average annual rainfall 520 mm and a total catchment area (roof area) is 20,000 sq ft
Lab testing water as ongoing basis to reassess water quality and adjust filtering systems
Ongoing water sample lab testing includes:
- The tubewell from which the water is sourced
- Water after it has passed the sieve and the sedimentation from the recharge well
- From three observation wells around the recharge well
These test will be conducted thrice a year, for the next five years
Costing breakdown x unit
- 1 30,000 litre tank 20 x 9 x 6 (feet) = INR 150,000
- 2 sedimentation tanks: 3 x 6 x 3 = INR 25,000
- 200 ft PVC pipes of 4” diameter (plus fitting) = INR 100,000
- Travel plus supervision cost Manthan = INR 60,000
- Estimate cost for 1 unit: INR 335,000
- 2 units: INR 670,000
Long term benefits & goals include:
- Reduced public health issues related to water stagnation and poor drainage
- Flood and drought mitigation
- Augment water table for all uses, improving access to water
- Overtime, improves quality of existing groundwater
- Rejuvenating groundwater ecosystems promotes biodiversity
What we would like to do:
Phase II - Est. Budget / INR 221,000 ($30,000)
We would like to address the needs of 50 specific households belonging to the most vulnerable populations living in a hamlet on the outskirts of Kaladera. These households comprise elderly people, people with disabilities and women headed families.
During the summer months, when tankers come in to their village once a week to provide water for the families, their homes do not have storage facilities to enable them to store sufficient water. We would like to ensure they each have individual water storage tanks of 10,000 L capacity so they can stock adequate water when the tanker come, and we would also like to have these tanks connected to their rooftops, enabling them to harvest rainwater during the monsoon. These tanks will significantly improve their quality of life and they will also, simultaneously be contribution to water security by collecting rainwater.
- 1 Household 10,000 L capacity tank & roof connection– INR 40000
- 50 Households = INR 2,000,000
Budget goal estimates has been updated to current real cost. Please note estimates are rough calculations before each Project Phase is started.
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Who it works
On 14th February 2021, a meeting at Raghunath Mandir, Chhipa Mohalla, Kaladera, was held with the community involved in block printing and coloring. Firstly, a visit was undertaken by Manthan Sansthan team to understand the situation and explore available options, since Kaladera does not have lakes, ponds, check dams or even offer the land for creating these, that option will need to be set aside.
A committee of 12 people was constituted for monitoring, quality assurance, account keeping, reporting and photography including: Suresh Kumar Chhipa, Krishna Kumar Chhipa, ,Phoolchand Sharma, Mohan Lal Chippa, Sharad Sharma, Pappu Lal, Badrinarayan Kumawat (Kaladera), Goverdhan lal, Ummed Singh (Manthan Kotri)
Suresh Kumar, Krishna Kumar, Kalawati Devi, Sntosh Dev, Rajesh Nagar, ShriKishan, Phoolchand Sharma, Mohan Lal Chhipa, Sharad Sharma, Mohan Lal, Goverdhan Lala and Ummed Singh and Meeta Mastani
Maping, Planning & Progress
It was decided after discussion with the everyone that waste water generated as a result of printing/coloring can be recycled and reused through a recharge well. Additionally, the water flow from the roof can also be channeled through pipes in the same recharge well for reuse.
For this water conservation system, a small well has been constructed with sedimentation tank and drains for outflow of water. There was unanimous agreement for the proposed systems everyone requested to get this done at the earliest.
Channel all the waste water from the printing to a soak pit after putting it through a few stages of filtration, two smaller tanks in sequence where water will flow from one to the next having a little time to settle.
The soak pit created is circular and of a depth of 10 feet (2 ft above the ground). The diameter will be 8 ft.
This pit will also be used to collect the rainwater from the neighboring roofs. The roofs would need to be cleaned up, repaired if required and fitted with sieves and pipes, directing rainwater to the pit.
The recharge is being constructed by Phoolchand ji, and drains and sedimentation tank by Badrinarayan.
Printer Community in Kaladera
Rameshwar Lal Chhipa